Changing A Tyre
A puncture or blow out can be a shock whilst driving so it’s always important to check you your tyres before setting off for your journey.
If you do experience a puncture or blow out, pull over in a safe place where possible and compose yourself before attempting to change the wheel.
Before you start
When out on the road, knowing how to change your wheel/tyre is an important skill for all drivers. You can’t always rely on getting mobile phone service to call for help so knowing the correct way to change a tyre is essential.
Which tools will I need?
Apart from the original spare wheel, you will need the following:
- A car jack – for raising the car off the ground
- A wheel Wrench – for removing the wheel nuts.
- Your car handbook – to reference any specific jacking points
- Some Wheel chock/bricks – to stop the car rolling away when jacked up
- Wheel nut security key – if any locking nuts are fitted
Other useful items to carry:
- A torch – useful for the evening, when it could be difficult to see
- A pair of gloves – changing a wheel can be messy
- A Tyre pressure gauge – for checking the new tyre is inflated correctly
- A Reflective jacket – this makes you visible for other drivers
- A short plank of wood – to be used as a flat surface for the jack if required
- A Warning triangle – to alert other drivers of the hazard
How To Change The Tyre
1. Preparing the vehicle
Ensure that the handbrake is applied and all the passengers are out from the car. Take the spare wheel and the necessary tools out of the boot.
2.Position the wheel chock/bricks
Using the wheel chocks or bricks is crucial when changing a tyre on your car. The chocks prevent the vehicle from moving when jacked up. Position the chock on the opposite wheel to the one with a puncture.
3.Loosen the nuts on the wheel
Loosening the wheel nuts is a lot easier and safer to do while the car is on the ground. You may need to remove the wheel trim off first. Using the wrench, turn the wheel nuts anti-clockwise and loosen to the point when you can turn them by hand but don’t fully remove them just yet.
4. Raise the car off the ground using the jack
Look in your vehicles handbook for the correct jacking points. All vehicles have dedicated spots where you should use the jack to avoid damage to the car. Position the jack at the side of the car using the jacking point close to the punctured wheel. Place the small plank of wood under the jack to help keep it stable if required. Now raise the vehicle slowly until the flat tyre is around 15cm up off the ground and can spin freely.
5. Remove the flat tyre/wheel off the hub
Using your hand, remove the loose wheel nuts, then slowly and gently pull the wheel towards you until it becomes free from the hub. Place this flat on the ground out of the way in a safe position.
6. Position the spare wheel onto the hub
Place the spare wheel onto the hub lining up the bolts as you do so. Replace the wheel and tighten up the wheel nuts by hand.
7. Lower the car to the ground & tighten the bolts
Use the jack to slowly lower the vehicle down until the wheel just touches the floor and cannot spin freely. Once the wheel is on the ground, fully tighten up the wheel nuts.
8. Completely lower & remove the jack
Lower the car all the way down to the earth then remove the jack carefully. Give a quick tighten check on the wheel nuts. Put all the items back inside the boot.
9. Check the tyre pressure
If you have the appropriate tool use a tyre pressure gauge to check the spare wheel is inflated fully. If not, drive carefully to a petrol station and use the indicator there.
10. Take your tyre for repair
Take your punctured tyre to a local tyre fitter or garage. They will advise you to repair or replace it. Don’t drive on space saver wheel for longer than needed, they are only intended for emergencies.